What order is used to execute operations in ledger? I mean those operations who passed fee filter

Sorted by

  • time of submission
  • fee
  • random order?

I tried to find this information in docs, but no luck

1 Answer 1


Seems like random order?

Transaction apply order is determined (Validator Network): Once SCP agrees on a particular transaction set, the apply order is computed for the transaction set. This both shuffles the order of the set to create uncertainty for competing transactions and maintains the order of sequence numbers for multiple transactions per account.

Source: https://developers.stellar.org/docs/glossary/transactions/#transaction-lifecycle

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