I have created a Stellar asset by following the steps in Custom Assets. I can successfully trade the asset on StellarPort.io even though it is not "verified". However, the asset does not even appear on several other exchanges. I can find no documentation that specifically explains how to verify an asset. CORS appears to be enabled for my stellar.toml file.
I notice that more than half of the assets listed on StellarPort are not verified. I compared many of their stellar.toml files and have not yet discovered a difference between those of verified vs. non-verified assets, relevant to verification. I checked these files because the warning message on non-verified assets is "This asset has NOT been verified by vcbear.net", for example, indicating that it is my server which is supposed to verify the asset, which I guess somehow depends on stellar.toml. In some cases, non-verification may be due to the absence of the asset in the stellar.toml file, but there are other cases for which the asset is present even when non-verified, including my own case.