I am implementing Stellar Smart Contract where in account has 2 signers. Goal is second signer can withdraw funds after certain date and if not withdrawn first signer can recover / transfer the funds. I am using Stellar Java SDK to create transaction

SetOptionsOperation unlockOperation = new SetOptionsOperation.Builder()
                .setSigner(party2AccountPair.getXdrSignerKey(), 1)
ZonedDateTime currentDate = ZonedDateTime.now( ZoneOffset.UTC );
long minTime = currentDate.toEpochSecond() + 300;
long maxTime = minTime + 86400;

TimeBounds timeBounds = new TimeBounds(minTime, maxTime);
Transaction unlockTransaction = new Transaction.Builder(escrowAccount)

Above code sets the signer option. I need the second signer to sign the transaction.

String unlockTransactiondr = unlockTransaction.toEnvelopeXdrBase64();

Generate the transaction XDR and it will be send to signer 2.

BaseEncoding base64Encoding = BaseEncoding.base64();
byte[] bytes = base64Encoding.decode(unlockTransactiondr);
TransactionEnvelope transactionEnvelope = TransactionEnvelope.decode(
  new XdrDataInputStream(new ByteArrayInputStream(bytes))

Signer 2 gets the base64 string and creates a TransactionEnvelope.


  1. How can Signer 2 sign the transaction? What API to use? Signer 2 has the XDR format transaction. TransactionEnvelope has API to get the DecoratedSignature[]; is this the array of signatures. If yes how can I create new DecoratedSignature and add to the array. DecoratedSignature needs org.stellar.sdk.xdr.Signature, how can I create this object using KeyPair of Signer 2
  2. How can I use Java Stellar SDK to post TransactionEnvelope to Horizon server.

Is the below code correct for Signer 2 sign the transaction. If yes it answers question 1 how signer 2 can sign the transaction. Question 2 is still open. I can test the code once I have the way to submit the TransactionEnvelope

ByteArrayOutputStream bOut= new ByteArrayOutputStream();
XdrDataOutputStream x = new XdrDataOutputStream(bOut);
SignerKey.encode(x, party2AccountPair.getXdrSignerKey());
Signature sig = Signature.decode(new XdrDataInputStream(new ByteArrayInputStream(bOut.toByteArray())));

DecoratedSignature party2Sig = new DecoratedSignature();

DecoratedSignature[] dSigs = transactionEnvelope.getSignatures();

DecoratedSignature[] updatedDSigs = new DecoratedSignature[dSigs.length+1];

for(int i=0, iLen=dSigs.length; i<iLen; i++) {
    updatedDSigs[i] = dSigs[i];

updatedDSigs[updatedDSigs.length-1] = party2Sig;


If I use the above code and try to decode, it throws exception non-zero padding while decoding the second signature

java.io.IOException: non-zero padding
at org.stellar.sdk.xdr.XdrDataInputStream$XdrInputStream.pad(XdrDataInputStream.java:124)
at org.stellar.sdk.xdr.XdrDataInputStream$XdrInputStream.read(XdrDataInputStream.java:110)
at java.io.DataInputStream.read(DataInputStream.java:149)
at org.stellar.sdk.xdr.Signature.decode(Signature.java:31)
at org.stellar.sdk.xdr.DecoratedSignature.decode(DecoratedSignature.java:41)
at org.stellar.sdk.xdr.TransactionEnvelope.decode(TransactionEnvelope.java:51)
at stellar.SmartContract.main(SmartContract.java:174)

Exception occurs because signature length is 0

Should I be using below code to sign the transaction


Above code I believe needs transaction hash data in byte[]. How can I get the transaction hash for org.stellar.sdk.xdr.Transaction

Thanks for all the help and support.

  • Any help how to proceed?
    – Harmit
    Apr 13 '18 at 16:26
  • I am stuck at similar point in C# SDK. There is no function to submit transaction from XDR to network.
    – jagstock
    Jul 9 '18 at 8:43

When this question was first asked, the latest version of the Java Stellar SDK was 0.2.0 and it did not support all of the envelope-XDR-conversion and transaction-submitting needed to do what the questioner was trying to do. But the 0.2.2 release this past summer took care of much/all of that and the current release (0.4.1) definitely has the methods. Without getting too much into the weeds of the specific code above, here's a very simple flow that you can now do with the Stellar Java SDK.

Server server = new Server("https://horizon-testnet.stellar.org");
Transaction transaction = Transaction.fromEnvelopeXdr("AAAAAPCBdywb.....GNdhH5FAw==");     
SubmitTransactionResponse response = server.submitTransaction(transaction);

This code makes a connection to the Horizon server, converts an XDR String into a Transaction object, and then submits the Transaction to the Stellar network.

  • Thanks for the response. Will give it a try with newer version of Stellar
    – Harmit
    Jan 24 '19 at 22:25

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