I'm trying to send over the network a base64 encoded string representing a partly signed envelope. I need to parse the string back to the original javascript object in order to add a new signature to it.

2 Answers 2


The first serialization can be done via:

const base64str = transaction.toEnvelope().toXDR().toString('base64')

Then you have a base64 encoded string that can be safely transmitted over the network.

To restore it back to the original object you can do:

const tx = new Transaction(base64str)
  • You can also do transaction.toEnvelope().toXDR('base64') but the types are wrong. Apr 20, 2018 at 10:08
  • You are right.. the typings are not updated.
    – phra
    Apr 20, 2018 at 10:09

Encoding: You can serialize the transaction by first converting to XDR (which is a binary format) and then converting to a base64 string so it can be sent over the wire.

// sign with empty signature to convert to a transaction envelope
signed, e := txn.Sign()
if e != nil {
    log.Fatal("failed to sign: ", e)

// convert to base64 (b64 is a string)
b64, e := signed.Base64()
if e != nil {
    log.Fatal("failed to convert to base64: ", e)

Decoding: Then you can decode the base64 string to binary and then build the transaction from the binary.

// decodeFromBase64 decodes the transaction from a base64 string into a TransactionEnvelopeBuilder
func decodeFromBase64(encodedXdr string) *b.TransactionEnvelopeBuilder {
    // Unmarshall from base64 encoded XDR format
    var decoded xdr.TransactionEnvelope
    e := xdr.SafeUnmarshalBase64(encodedXdr, &decoded)
    if e != nil {

    // convert to TransactionEnvelopeBuilder
    txEnvelopeBuilder := b.TransactionEnvelopeBuilder{E: &decoded}

    return &txEnvelopeBuilder

Note: You will need to input the network passphrase when you decode it because it is not transmitted as part of the base64-encoded Transaction XDR

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